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    Re: [RC] there is no way that young and small a body can ride astride a horse that many hours without damage - Charles

    Here is my quick summary of the cites Joe mentioned.  I leave it to others
    (the board of the AERC) to decide how much weight to give them.
    Australian overview paper best summed up by
    "Cumulative Trauma Disorders are disorders which are more often than not
    caused by excessive repetition and inadequate scheduling of work and rest
    The article goes on to discuss "tennis elbow", little league elbow, muscle
    imbalance and similar things.  I didn't know that in some instances, the
    pitching arm can be longer than the other arm.  I did know that tennis
    players a few years back often had massively dominant arms and under
    developed passive arms (the one that throws the ball up), but I'm told by my
    son who plays tennis that balance is what people aim for today and that the
    total body needs conditioning not just the serving arm.
    A lot of the article seems to be repeating that injuries while young, may
    have an effect well into old age.
    >    http://www.stege.com/topics/sports/children.htm
    General warning that overuse can cause damage.  Information from a
    podiatrist, and how he can help.  The article goes on to mention that
    concentrating on one sport is bad, so a variety is better.
    Interesting article on growthplate injuries.  These are caused by overuse.
    "While growth plate injuries can be caused by an acute event, such as a fall
    or a blow to the body, they can also result from overuse. For example, a
    gymnast who practices for hours on the uneven bars, a long-distance runner,
    or a baseball pitcher perfecting his curve ball can all have growth plate
    "Most injuries to the growth plate are fractures. Growth plate fractures
    comprise 15 to 30 percent of all childhood fractures. They occur twice as
    often in boys as in girls, with the greatest incidence among 14-year-old
    boys and 11- to 12-year-old girls. Older girls experience these fractures
    less often because their bodies mature at an earlier age than boys'. As a
    result, their bones finish growing sooner, and growth plates are replaced by
    stronger, solid bone.
    Growth plate fractures occur most often in the long bones of the fingers
    (phalanges), followed by the outer bone of the forearm (radius) at the
    wrist. These injuries also occur frequently in the lower bones of the leg:
    the tibia and fibula. They can also occur in the upper leg bone (femur) or
    in the ankle, foot, or hip bone. "
    Best summed up by the title "Pushing One Sport May Harm Younger Children".
    It goes on to point out that overemphasis and overtraining can cause
    problem.  A very general article.
    a.. Horseback Riding
    The most serious injuries occur with falls involcing [sic] the head or neck.
    Riding helmets are important.
    a.. Falls on the shoulder can cause shoulder separation, or injuries to the
    knee including fractures.
    Kids can get hurt.  Make sure they are physically capable of doing the work,
    don't overdo it and don't let them play hurt.
    ----- Original Message -----
    From: "Joe Long" <jlong@xxxxxxxx>
    To: <ridecamp@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
    Cc: "Charles" <cdy@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>; <FASTGraphic@xxxxxx>
    Sent: Thursday, October 24, 2002 8:31 PM
    Subject: Re: [RC] there is no way that young and small a body can ride
    astride a horse that many hours without damage
    > >On Thu, 24 Oct 2002 16:27:43 -0400, "Charles" <cdy@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
    > >wrote:
    > >>I'll say it's burden of proof time:
    > >>You have made the above claim several times.  From what I can see in
    > >>messages, and from the Archives, young and small bodies have completed
    > >>without damage.
    > OK, once I got home from work I did a quick Google search.  Here are a
    > few cites I found in just a couple of minutes:
    >    http://home.iprimus.com.au/bill58/cumulative_trauma.htm
    >    http://www.stege.com/topics/sports/children.htm
    >    http://sportsmedicine.about.com/library/bl_growthplate.htm
    >    http://www.connectingwithkids.com/old/archives/aug_02/delayspt.html
    >    http://www.orthoseek.com/articles/sportinj.html
    >    (that is a long one, you need to enter it all on one line)
    >    A snippet from that one:  "Coaches and parents should remember that
    > children are not small adults. A child's bones, tendons, muscles and
    > ligaments develop unevenly increasing the risk of injury."
    >   The book "Little Girls in Pretty Boxes: The Making and Breaking of
    > Elite Gymnasts and Figure Skaters," available on amazon.com
    > http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/outdoor/sports_safety_p3.html
    >    A snippet from that one:  "Overuse injuries occur from repetitive
    > actions that put too much stress on the musculoskeletal system.
    > Although these injuries can occur in adults as well as children, they
    > are more problematic in a child athlete because of the effect they may
    > have on your child's bone growth. Any child who plays sports can
    > develop overuse injuries, although the more time your child spends on
    > the sport, the more likely your child is to experience an overuse
    > injury."
    >    http://www.carolinaorthopedic.com/new/aikenbones/apr2002.asp
    >    A snippet from that one:  "The American Academy of Pediatrics
    > recommends team sports only for children six years of age and older.
    > Why? First, mental and emotional ability: most children younger than
    > six don't understand the concept and rules of team play, and may not
    > have the emotional development and eagerness to play.
    > Second, physical ability and age-appropriate skills: there are things
    > a 14 year old can do (such as throwing a curve ball in baseball) that
    > an 8 year old should not do because of differences in physical
    > development and increased risk of injury. Your experience, intuition,
    > and child's doctor can help you make these decisions. Push your child
    > to play a sport to soon - physically or emotionally -- can increase
    > risk of injury."
    > If that's not enough, just do a Google search of your own -- there are
    > plenty more.
    > --
    > Joe Long
    > jlong@xxxxxxxx
    > http://www.rnbw.com
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    Re: [RC] [RC] Very young riders in AERC rides, FASTGraphic
    Re: [RC] [RC] Very young riders in AERC rides, Joe Long
    [RC] there is no way that young and small a body can ride astride a horse that many hours without damage, Charles
    Re: [RC] there is no way that young and small a body can ride astride a horse that many hours without damage, Joe Long
    Re: [RC] there is no way that young and small a body can ride astride a horse that many hours without damage, Joe Long